Lassa Fever spreads to more States In Nigeria
The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has declared an outbreak of Lassa Fever in seven states with 14 deaths confirmed so far in 2020. Edo, Ondo and Abia, Ebonyi states appear to have the majority of the 82 confirmed infections recorded so far.
What Is Lassa Fever?
It is an acute and often fatal viral disease often acquired from infected rats. If infected, early supportive care with rehydration and symptomatic treatment improves survival outcomes.
How Is Lassa Fever Transmitted?
- Lassa Fever is transmitted through exposure to urine or feces of infected rats. Make sure you do not eat contaminated foods or drink contaminated water. Always check your food and water very well.
- Direct contact with the blood, urine, feces, or other bodily secretions of an infected person. Although this might sound a bit difficult, try as much as you can to stay away from an infected person if you do not know how to manage situations around.
- Through contaminated medical equipment, such as re-used needles
- Surprisingly, Lassa Fever can also be transmitted by sexual intercourse. Avoid unprotected sex if you are single, but if you are married and see your partner come down with three or more of the under-listed symptoms, if you must have sex, please let it not be unprotected until the symptoms clear.
What Are The Symptoms Of Lassa Fever?
- Fever and general weakness
- Sore throat
- Muscle and chest pain
- Nausea, vomiting &diarrhea
- Bleeding from the mouth, nose, vagina or gastrointestinal tracts
- Low blood pressure
In advanced cases:
- Shock, seizures, and tremors
- Disorientation and coma
See also: Main causes of mental illness in Nigeria
- Clean your home, shops, and offices thoroughly
- Dispose of refuse appropriately and far from your home to avoid rats moving in and out of your home.
- Store food in rodent-proof containers
- Wash your hands frequently
- Avoid contact with blood and bodily fluids of infected persons or anyone who presented any three of the symptoms above.
- Health care workers should always apply standard infection precautions when caring for patients
To report any case of suspected Lassa Fever, please contact the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) and the Federal Ministry of Health using the following numbers: 08093810105, 08163215251, 08031571667 and 08135050005. Lassa Fever spreads to more States In Nigeria